At the invitation of the Armenian Ministry of Defense, RSC Director Richard Giragosian participated in a two-day International Strategic Policy Forum of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). The forum, entitled “Integration of National and Regional Peacekeeping Capacities into the Global System of Peace Operations,” was held from 1-2 July and included senior officers and officials from the CSTO Secretariat and Joint Staff, and representatives from Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation and Tajikistan..
Other invited guests included participants from China, Israel, South Africa, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The Forum was organized and led by Major General Hayk Kotanjian, Doctor of Political Science and the Head of the Institute for National Strategic Studies of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Armenia (INSS), as well as the Chairman of the Political Science Association of Armenia (PSAA).
For more, see: www.mil.am/1404298881
The official organizers of the International Strategic Policy Forum included the Institute for National Strategic Studies of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Armenia (INSS), Secretariat of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Joint Staff of the CSTO, Academic-Expert Council of the CSTO, the Center for Euro-Atlantic Security of the Institute of International Studies MGIMO (Moscow), the Russian Political Science Association (RPSA), and the Political Science Association of Armenia (PSAA).
The event was opened by Armenian Minister of Defense Seyran Ohanyan and Deputy Secretary General of the Collective Security Treaty Organization Valery Semerikov, following a welcoming address by Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian.
In a statement adopted at the Forum (www.mil.am/14043741090), the role of peacekeeping was identified an important means to contribute to regional security, and a need “to further develop the peacekeeping capacities of states and international organizations for improving their performance in an increasingly complex environment, as well as for strengthening cooperation in peacekeeping,” was strongly noted. The statement further added that “an important focus of this cooperation is the development of coordinated or compatible doctrinal approaches and standards of peacekeeping operations, which will increase the synergy of interaction of states and organizations cooperating in the resolution of conflicts and crises.”
The statement went on to stress the “importance of the UN Security Council open debate on UN peacekeeping on June 11, 2014 where new trends on peacekeeping were discussed. The forum believes that the process launched by the UN SC will be more effective if it includes all stakeholders and expresses its readiness to be involved at expert level, to help elaborate the peacekeeping review requested by the UN Secretary General, especially on how to build the partnership between the CSTO, other international and regional organizations and the UN within the context of the UN Charter.”
The International Strategic Policy Forum also noted “the importance of institution building with the establishment of stable structures of the state and non-governmental organizations in the final stages of peacekeeping operations and the role of the dialogue as the only productive way of overcoming differences and conflicts among states and within states based on the principles of the UN,” with the need for the “establishment and maintenance of strong democratic institutions capable of ensuring the rule of law and protection of human rights” as “one of the most important tools for peacekeeping.” The statement concluded by saying that the Forum was “confident that the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) can become one of the effective organizations conducting peacekeeping operations and contribute to the conflict and crisis resolution, and the development of peaceful cooperation among peoples in the Eurasian space under the UN Charter.”